Elections are held every five years to determine the House of Assembly and the Senate majority. Swaziland is a developing country with a small economy.
With a GDP per capita of ,714, it is classified as a country with a lower-middle income.
This independence was also recognized in the convention of 1884.
Because of controversial land/mineral rights and other concessions, Swaziland had a triumviral administration in 1890 following the death of King Mbandzeni in 1889.
At no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west, Swaziland is one of the smallest countries in Africa; despite this, its climate and topography are diverse, ranging from a cool and mountainous highveld to a hot and dry lowveld.
The Swazi population faces major health issues: HIV/AIDS and, to a lesser extent, tuberculosis are serious challenges.
It is neighboured by Mozambique to its northeast and by South Africa to its north, west and south; it is a landlocked country.
The country and its people take their names from Mswati II, the 19th-century king under whose rule Swazi territory was expanded and unified.
Ka Ngwane, named for Ngwane III, is an alternative name for Swaziland the surname of whose royal house remains Nkhosi Dlamini. Mswati II was the greatest of the fighting kings of Swaziland, and he greatly extended the area of the country to twice its current size.
The Emakhandzambili clans were initially incorporated into the kingdom with wide autonomy, often including grants of special ritual and political status.
The Swazi settlers, then known as the Ngwane (or baka Ngwane), before entering Swaziland had been settled on the banks of the Pongola River.